Help us raise fund for biomass fuel in Sierra Leonne

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The Business Problem is a question, issue, or situation, pertaining to the business, which needs to be answered or resolved. State in specific terms the problem or issue this project will resolve. The fisheries resources have become a major source of employment and income for the poorest population in Sierra Leone who currently inhabit the coastal rural areas – Freetown Peninsula. Many other fishers and fishmongers live not only within ocean front in rural settings in Sierra Leone, but in the provinces of Sierra Leone as well. These individuals migrate at frequent intervals from the provinces to the Western Area of Sierra Leone to secure fish and preserve them by drying through biomass fuel within the Peninsula of Freetown and have the fish products transported for marketing in the provinces of Sierra Leone. The population living within the Western Area of Freetown has few other income opportunities as agriculture is limited by the availability of land and fresh water. The sustainable development of these fishers and fishmongers requires a consistent supply of biomass fuel to preserve their products until they are marketed at urban markets in edible condition. Due to the heat of the sun, and infrequency of transportation to access urban markets in a timely manner, most artisanal fishermen and fish mongers find it difficult to maintain the autolytic changes on their products immediately after they are caught. Thus bacteriological changes occur – the fish begins to show signs of spoilage, with strong off-flavors and stale to unpleasant smells; texture changes are significant, flesh becoming either soft and watery or tough and dry. The fish is spoiled and putrid and becomes inedible. Thus, cannot be sold, and fish mongers lose their trading capitals. This type of loss has caused fish mongers and fishermen to have an unstable and unsecured financial status from time immemorial within the Peninsula. The poverty of rural communities in Sierra Leone means that access to household energy sources is limited. Households are often dependent on finite and unpredictable sources of income, and energy needs (as all other household needs) must be met within these financial constraints. As a result, many families depend on free energy sources such as firewood. It has been reported that more than 95% of the fuel consumed in the rural areas of western Area of Sierra Leone is firewood (biomass). Collecting firewood demands a large part of many rural women’s daily household responsibilities in rural settings within Sierra Leone, especially the Western Area of Sierra Leone. This firewood collection work is extremely tiring as they often have to walk long distances in search of wood which then has to be carried back to the homestead. Deforestation in the Western Area in Sierra Leone is indeed the direct effect of unemployed youths fighting for their own biological survival, and residents need free energy for domestic food preparation; fishermen and fishmongers’ quest for biomass fuel, to preserve their fish and market-gardening products and save their trading capital; are the catalyst for the deforestation in the Western Area Peninsula Forest Reserve in Sierra Leone. This project will enhance the preservation of fish products until they are sold in an edible condition in urban markets. It also will eliminate or reduce the need for firewood by Fishermen and fishmongers around the Peninsula of Sierra Leone through the provision of ice with hybrid renewable energy system to residents at price lesser than the cost of firewood; it will provide employment for deforesters within the Freetown peninsula in Sierra Leone that will lose their fishmongers firewood customers. They desist from tree-cutting activities within the Western Area of Sierra Leone.

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